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David O’Sheal, was my 6th great-grandfather.
He was born 23 January 1690, in London, England, to John O’Sheal and Alice Apsley and was
christened at St. Martin in the Fields, Middlesex, London, England.
David O’Sheal departed London, England and arrived at the Virginia Colony, sometime prior
to 16 June 1714. (The exact date of his arrival is unknown.)
(Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, Vol. 3, 1695-1732,
Virginia State Library, 1979, by Nell Marion Nugent.)
The identity of David O’Sheal’s wife or wives is unknown.
He was the father of Apsley, John, David, Daniel, Ann, and Theresa (Teresa).
David O’Sheal’s third son, Daniel O’Sheal, was my 5th great-grandfather.
Daniel O’Sheal married Sarah Walker in Granville County, North Carolina.
Their children were Elizabeth, Apsley, John, Jethro, Jefferson (Jeff), and Teresa.
Jefferson O’Sheal aka Jeff, was my 4th great-grandfather.
Jeff O’Shields and Mary (Polly) Chumley were the parents of my 3rd great-grandfather,
William Chumley nee O’Shields, who was born between 1790-1800, in South Carolina.
No record of a marriage between Jeff O’Shields and Mary (Polly) Chumley has been found.
It is assumed William was an illegitimate child.
William Chumley nee O’Shields’ oldest son was Thompson Chumley.
Thompson Chumley was my great-great grandfather.
Almost two hundred years after David O’Sheal’s arrived in Virginia, Thompson Chumley
prepared an application by which he swore under oath that Jeff O’Shields was his
grandfather, and that he believed Jeff O’Shields was of Cherokee Indian blood.
I discovered Thompson Chumley’s Application of Enrollment, in January or February 2003.
They were located at a branch of the National Archives in Ft. Forth, Texas. I believe these
documents remained unknown until my 2003 discovery. The records show that in 1896,
Thompson Chumley, many of his children, the children of Mary Chumley Whitmore, and
Caroline Chumley Mills, submitted their applications to the government agency–The Dawes
Commission.
The purpose of The Dawes Commission was to exchange Indian tribal lands in the
SouthEastern United States for new land allotments to individuals in Oklahoma. More than
250,000 people applied to this commission for enrollment and land. Just over 100,000 were
approved. The rolls do not include the applications that were rejected, stricken, or judged to
be doubtful. Those found eligible for the final rolls were entitled to an allotment of land,
usually as a homestead (Familysearch.com).
Because the Chumley family provided no proof of Cherokee Indian blood, their claims were
rejected.